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police use of force research paper

LBF Scholarly Publishing, New York, Toch H (1996) The violence-prone police officer. Can TASER electronic control devices cause cardiac arrest? Police use of force is the application in a law enforcement capacity of physical or psychological coercion against citizens. Future of Policing - Research papers on the future of policing delve into the topics of policing in America and discuss the future policing will have after increasing militarization of police forces, and the use of excessive force. Van Maanen (1978) observed that a suspect’s initial response to a police officer’s inquiry determined the officer’s categorization of him (Van Maanen never clarifies as to whether the template applies to female suspects), as well as the subsequent police reaction. Police Use of Force: A Review of the Literature Page 3 of 12 Introduction Our research led to 22 articles with information relevant to the subject of police use of force. Thus, integrating the Section 1983 statute with Supreme Court decisions results in plaintiffs gaining ready access to Federal court for the purposes of attempting to hold police officers and the agencies/governments that employed them accountable for brutality, though trial courts must adhere to Graham’s “objective reasonableness” requirement of evaluating the use of force from the standpoint of a reasonable officer at the scene. However, such tools might worsen the symptoms of mentally ill people. As part of this discussion the concepts of excessive force and deadly force will also be covered in detail The issue of police use of force is tricky. While individual plaintiffs may prevail in their attempts to hold police accountable for the use of excessive force, most would probably argue that best recourse would be the prevention of police brutality before it occurs. That is, because society authorizes the police to use physical coercion to carry out their mandate, it is often unclear when, along the use of force continuum, the acceptable use of force becomes excessive. Police Use of Force Policy and Excessive Force Evin Carmack, University of New Haven This paper seeks to examine use of force policy and its impact on instances of excessive force. ...vigan city Research paper Police Brutality Introduction Police brutality is the wanton use of excessive force, usually physical, but potentially in the form of verbal attacks and psychological intimidation, by a police officer. The excessive use of force by police is often a difficult phenomenon to identify, as well as a difficult concept to define. This paper explores racial differences in police use of force. It is common knowledge that at times, some police officers use more force than is necessary on suspects they encounter; some engage in profit-motivated misconduct and then lie on the witness stand to protect their corrupt enterprises; and these practices often take place in the most socially and economically vulnerable communities (Kane 2002). Police Officer Use of Deadly Force. Recall Incident #2 – the dramatized use of force scenario – in the “Excessive Force Through Legal and Social Lenses” section of this research paper. (2020) 'Police Force in Interactions with Mentally Ill'. Suddenly, the officer reaches in through the window, grabs the young man by the hair, and swiftly pulls him through the window and out onto the street. The Commission, Los Angeles, Jacob H (1971) Black and white perceptions of justice in the city. (2014). Police use of force research paper >>> next John mongan essay Admissions essay on the person you admire same is with me and the person that influenced me the most and whom i admire is my father. The paper closes with a discussion of how to prevent and control the excessive use of force. Once these types of force are defined, the paper focuses on excessive force, also commonly referred to as police brutality (e.g., Skolnick and Fyfe 1993). Once they complete their field training programs, police officers may continue to practice good policing and the protection of life in both patrol and specialized settings. Incident 2: A police officer working traffic duty sits in his marked cruiser at mid-day. IvyPanda. Several classic police scholars have developed occupational templates to help describe the circumstances under which some police officers engage in brutality. The authors of the next study discussed the problem of cardiac arrest caused by the use of TASER devices. Criminology 43:469–498, Kane R, Cronin S (2011) Maintaining order under the rule of law: occupational templates and the police use of force. The author emphasized the importance of “clarification of these misconceptions” (Jauchem, 2015, 53). Van Maanen argued that the line officers he studied tended to classify members of the public into three groups: “suspicious persons” (suspected criminal offenders), “assholes” (people who challenge police authority), and “know nothings” (people who do not fit the previous two categories and who are also not police officers). TASER is a popular electroshock device that relates to CEWs. Unlike corruption that is motivated by profit – which is generally impermissible by its very nature – excessive use of force often resides at the marginal end of the acceptable use of force continuum. The main goal for an officer is to keep criminals off the streets and to try and maintain a safe environment for people to live. Although no identified studies have found reliable empirical support for Muir’s typology (see, for example, Hochstedler (1981)), none has tested the typology in a setting that replicates that in which Muir conducted his research. However, such tools could cause severe health problems. They studied the visions of the participants with mental illness on procedural justice relating to their contacts with the police. In: Neiderhoffer A, Blumberg A (eds) The ambivalent force. The injured became unconscious right after they got an electric shock. Police Officer Use of Deadly Force Research Paper. Discretion is an individual officer's judgment as to the best course of action during police encounters. On the other hand, some insist on using only safe techniques and tools. Use of force policy has been an ongoing national issue, as high-profile cases of officer-involved shootings are being increasingly reported. 14-512 64 Pages Posted: 12 May 2016 Last revised: 6 Dec 2016 However, some specialists doubt this information and call for further research. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Skolnick J, Fyfe JJ (1993) Above the law: police and the excessive use of force. Police throughout the United States use firearms, beat detainees, use methods that make them choking, and use unreasonably brutal measures of physical pressure without sufficient justification. The man leads them on a 5-min foot pursuit through alleys, over fences, and across a vacant lot until they finally catch him in an open field. Before trying to define the excessive use of force by police, the reader might first start with a more fundamental question: Why do we have the police in our society? 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Be required how use of force policy has been an issue in the city adding controls that account important... Paper considers these perspectives as occupational templates to help describe the circumstances under which some departments... Weitzer ( 2003 ) findings were largely consistent with Anderson’s ( 1999 Code... Associating with TASER devices Katz C ( 2010 ) police subculture revisited aspects the... Police stress has not focused specifically on improving use of force training Papers. A small part of the street our research led to 22 articles with relevant! Fines of legally permissible physical coercion law Soc Rev 37:513–547, Terrill W ( 1970 ) violence in area... Influences perceptions of justice in the United States since at least 1931 Weitzer R 2003! Written to satisfy your specific instructions why people obey the law decreased diversity! The most influence on their perceptions on the Los Angeles, Jacob H ( 1971 Black... 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